laboratory of cognition and emotion


2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 1995-2001


  • Brenton McMenamin and Luiz Pessoa. Discovering networks altered by potential threat (“anxiety”) using quadratic discriminant analysis. Neuroimage. 2015 Aug; 116:1-9.
  •  Takemasa Yokoyama, Srikanth Padmala, and Luiz Pessoa. Reward learning and negative emotion during rapid attentional competition. Front. Psychol., February 2015.

  • Hadas Okon-Singer, Talma Hendler, Luiz Pessoa, and Alexander J. Shackman. The Neurobiology of Emotion-Cognition Interactions: Fundamental Questions and Strategies for Future Research.  Front. Hum. Neurosci., January 2015.

  • Jong Moon Choi, Srikanth Padmala, and Luiz Pessoa. Counteracting effect of threat on reward enhancements during working memory. Cognition & Emotion, January 2015.


  • Luiz Pessoa. Multiple influences of reward on perception and attention. Visual Cognition, November 2014.
  • Luiz Pessoa. Précis of The Cognitive-Emotional Brain. Behav. Brain. Sci., June 2014.
  • Brenton McMenamin, Sandra Langeslag, Mihai Sirbu, Srikanth Padmala, and Luiz Pessoa. Network organization unfolds over time during periods of anxious anticipation. The Journal of Neuroscience, August 2014.
  • Todd S. Braver, ............., Luiz Pessoa, Gregory R. Samanez-Larkin, Leah H. Somerville. Mechanisms of motivation-cognition interaction: challenges and opportunities. Cogn. Affect. Behav. Neurosci., June 2014.
  • Luiz Pessoa. Understanding brain networks and brain organization. Physics of Life Reviews, 18 April 2014.
  • Padmala, S. & Pessoa, L. Motivation versus aversive processing during perception. Emotion, April 2014.
  • Bissonette Gregory B, Gentry Ronny N, Padmala Srikanth, Pessoa Luiz, Roesch Matthew R. Impact of appetitive and aversive outcomes on brain responses: Linking the animal and human literatures. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 2014.


  • Lucina Q. Uddin, Joshua Kinnison, Luiz Pessoa, and Michael L. Anderson. Beyond the Tripartite Cognition–Emotion–Interoception Model of the Human Insular Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.  2013 August 12.
  • Kesong Hu, Srikanth Padmala, Luiz Pessoa. Interactions between reward and threat during visual processing. Neuropsychologia. 2013 June 12.
  • Jong Moon Choi, Srikanth Padmala, Philip Spechler and Luiz Pessoa. Pervasive competition between threat and reward in the brain. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. In press.
  • Michael L. Anderson, Josh Kinnison, Luiz Pessoa.  Describing functional diversity of brain regions and brain networks. NeuroImage. 2013 June; 73:50-8.


  • Pessoa, L. Beyond brain regions: Network perspective of cognition–emotion interactions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 2012; 35, 158:9.
  • Joshua Kinnison, Srikanth Padmala, Jong-Moon Choi, and Luiz Pessoa.  Network analysis reveals increased integration during emotional and motivational processing. The Journal of Neuroscience. 2012 June 13; 32(24):8361-72.
  • Jong Moon Choi, Srikanth Padmala and Luiz Pessoa.   Impact of state anxiety on the interaction between threat monitoring and cognition. Neuroimage. 2012 Jan; 59(2):1912-23.
  • Kesong Hu, Andrew Bauer, Srikanth Padmala and Luiz Pessoa.   Threat of Bodily Harm Has Opposing Effects on Cognition.  Emotion. 2012 Feb; 12(1):28-32.
  • Luiz Pessoa, Srikanth Padmala, Andrea Kenzer and Andrew Bauer. Interactions between cognition and emotion during response inhibition. Emotion. 2012 Feb; 12(1):192-7.


  • Srikanth Padmala, Andrew Bauer and Luiz Pessoa.   Negative Emotion Impairs Conflict-Driven Executive Control.  Frontiers in Emotion Science 2011;4:192.
  • Srikanth Padmala & Luiz Pessoa. Reward reduces conflict by enhancing attentional control and biasing visual cortical processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2011; 23:11, pp. 3419–3432.


  • Pessoa, L. Emergent processes in cognitive-emotional interactions. Dialogues Clin. Neurosci. 2010;12(4):433-48.
  • Luiz Pessoa & Ralph Adolphs. Emotion processing and the amygdala: from a ‘low road’ to ‘many roads’ of evaluating biological significance. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2010. November;11:773-83.
  • Pessoa, L. Emotion and cognition and the amygdala: From "What is it?" to "What's to be done?". Neuropsychologia 2010 Oct;48(12):3416-29.
  • Pessoa L. Emotion and attention effects: Is it all a matter of timing? Not yet. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 2010;4:172.
  • Padmala S, Lim S and Pessoa L. Pulvinar and affective significance: responses track moment-to-moment stimulus visibility. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 2010;4:64.
  • Pessoa L and Engelmann JB. Embedding reward signals into perception and cognition. Front. Neurosci. 2010;4:17. 
  • Padmala S. and Pessoa L. Moment-to-moment fluctuations in fMRI amplitude and inter-region coupling are predictive of inhibitory performance. Cogn. Affect. Behav. Neurosci. 2010 June;10(2):  279-297.
  • Pereira MG, de Oliveira L, Erthal FS, Joffily M, Mocaiber IF, Volchan E, and Pessoa L. Emotion affects action: Midcingulate cortex as a pivotal node of interaction between negative emotion and motor signals. Cogn. Affect. Behav. Neurosci. 2010 Mar;10(1):94-106.
  • Luiz Pessoa (2010) Attention and Emotion. Scholarpedia, 5(2):6314.

  • Padmala S. and Pessoa L. Interactions between cognition and motivation during response inhibition. Neuropsychologia 2010 Jan;48(2):558-565.


  • Seung-Lark Lim, Srikanth Padmala, Pessoa L. Segregating the significant from the mundane on a moment-to-moment basis via direct and indirect amygdala contributions. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2009 Sep;106(39):16841-16846.
  • Damaraju E, Huang YM, Barrett LF, Pessoa L. Affective learning enhances activity and functional connectivity in early visual cortex. Neuropsychologia 2009 Apr;47(12):2480-2487.
  • Pessoa L. How do emotion and motivation direct executive control? Trends Cogn. Sci. 2009 Apr;13(4):160-6.
  • Engelmann JB, Damaraju E, Padmala S, Pessoa L. Combined effects of attention and motivation on visual task performance: transient and sustained motivational effects. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 2009;3:4.
  • Japee S, Crocker L, Carver F, Pessoa L, Ungerleider LG. Individual differences in valence modulation of face-selective M170 response. Emotion 2009 Feb;9(1):59-69.
  • Rossi AF, Pessoa L, Desimone R, Ungerleider LG. The prefrontal cortex and the executive control of attention. Exp. Brain Res. 2009 Jan;192(3):489-97.
  • Pessoa L, Rossi A, Japee S, Desimone R, Ungerleider LG. Attentional control during the transient updating of cue information. Brain Research 2009, 149-158.


  • Leslie G. Ungerleider and Luiz Pessoa (2008). What and where pathways. Scholarpedia, 3(11):5342.
  • Seth AK, Dienes Z, Cleeremans A, Overgaard M, & Pessoa L. Measuring consciousness: relating behavioural and neurophysiological approaches. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2008.12(8):314-21.
  • Shen-Mou Hsu, Hetrick WP, & Pessoa L. Depth of facial expression processing depends on stimulus visibility: Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence of priming effects. Cognitive Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 2008 Sep;8(3):282-92.
  • Padmala, S & Pessoa, L. Affective learning enhances visual detection and responses in primary visual cortex. Journal of Neuroscience 2008.28(24):6202-6210.
  • Luiz Pessoa. On the relationship between emotion and cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2008. Feb;9(2):148-58.
  • Seung-Lark Lim, Pessoa L. Affective learning increases sensitivity to graded emotional faces. Emotion 2008. Feb;8(1):96-103
  • Seung-Lark Lim, Padmala S, Pessoa L. Affective learning modulates spatial competition during low-load conditions. Neuropsychologia 2008;46(5):1267-78.


  • Siman-Tov T, Mendelsohn A, Schonberg T, Avidan G, Podlipsky I, Pessoa L, Gadoth N, Ungerleider LG, Hendler T. The Journal of Neuroscience 2007 Oct 17;27(42):11271-8
  • Shen-Mou Hsu, Pessoa L. Dissociable effects of bottom-up and top-down factors in the processing of unattended fearful faces. Neuropsychologia, 2007 45(13):3075-86.
  • Blair KS, Smith BW, Mitchell DG, Morton J, Vythilingam M, Pessoa L, Fridberg D, Zametkin A, Sturman D, Nelson EE, Drevets WC, Pine DS, Martin A, Blair RJ. Modulation of emotion by cognition and cognition by emotion. Neuroimage, 2007 Mar;35(1):430-40

  • Engelmann, J. & Pessoa, L. Motivation sharpens exogenous spatial attention. Emotion 7(3):668-74. 

  • Thielscher, A. & Pessoa,  L. Neural correlates of  perceptual choice and decision making in  Fear-Disgust  discrimination. The Journal of Neuroscience,  Mar; 27(11);2908-2917.
  • Szczepanowski, R. & Pessoa, L. Fear perception: Can objective and subjective awareness measures be dissociated? Journal of Vision.
  • Pessoa, L., Padmala, S., (2007). Decoding near-threshold perception of fear from distributed single-trial brain activation. Cerebral Cortex, Apr; 20.


  • Pereira, M.G., Volchan, E., de Souza, G.G., Oliveira, L., Campagnoli, R., Pinheiro, W.W., & Pessoa, L. (2006). Sustained and transient modulation of performance induced by emotional picture viewing. Emotion,6, 622-634.
  • Pessoa, L., Japee, S., Sturman, D., & Ungerleider, L.G. (2006). Target visibility and visual awareness modulate amygdala responses to fearful faces. Cerebral Cortex, Mar; 16; 366-375.


  • Fátima Smith Erthal, Letícia de Oliveira, Izabela Mocaiber, Mirtes Garcia Pereira, Walter Machado-Pinheiro, Eliane Volchan, & Pessoa, L. (2005). Load-dependent modulation of affective picture processing. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 5(4):388-395.
  •  Pessoa, L., Padmala, S., & Morland, T. (2005). Fate of the unattended fearful faces in the amygdala is determined by both attentional resources and cognitive modulation. NeuroImage, Oct 15;28(1):249-255.
  •  Pessoa, L. & Padmala, S. (2005). Quantitative prediction of perceptual decisions during near-threshold fear detection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 102, 5612-5617.
  • Pessoa, L. (2005). To what extent are emotional stimuli processed without attention and awareness? Current Opinion of Neurobiology, 15, 188-196.
  • Pessoa, L., & Ungerleider, L.G. (2005). Visual attention and emotional perception. In L. Itti, G. Rees, and J.K. Tsotsos (Eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. San Diego, CA: Elsev
  • Pessoa, L., Japee, S., & Ungerleider, L.G. (2005). Visual awareness and the detection of fearful faces. Emotion, Jun;5(2):243-7.


  • Pessoa, L. & Ungerleider, L.G. (2004). Top-down mechanisms for working memory and attentional processes. In M. S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The New Cognitive Neurosciences, 3rd Edition, pp. 919-930, MIT Press.
  • Pessoa, L., & Ungerleider, L.G. (2004). Neuroimaging studies of attention and the processing of emotion-laden stimuli. Progress in Brain Research, 144:171-82.
  • Ishai, A., Pessoa, L., Bikle, C., & Ungerleider, L.G. (2004). Repetition suppression of faces is modulated by emotion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 101, 9827-9832.
  • Pessoa, L., & Ungerleider, L.G. (2004). Neural correlates of change detection and change blindness in visual working memory. Cerebral Cortex, 14, 511-520.


  • Pessoa, L., Kastner, S., & Ungerleider, L.G. (2003). Neuroimaging studies of attention: From modulation of sensory processing to top-down control. Journal of Neuroscience, 23, 3990-3998.
  • Mourão-Miranda, J., Volchan, E., Moll, J., de Oliveira-Souza, R., Oliveira, L., Bramati, I., Gattass, R., & Pessoa, L. (2003). Contributions of stimulus valence and arousal to visual system activation during emotional perception fMRI. Neuroimage , 20, 1955-1963.


  • Pessoa, L., Gutierrez, E., Bandettini, P.B., & Ungerleider, L.G (2002). Neural correlates of visual working memory: fMRI amplitude predicts task performance. Neuron, 35, 975-987.
  • Pessoa, L., McKenna, M., Gutierrez, E., & Ungerleider, L.G (2002). Neural processing of emotional faces requires attention. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 99, 11458-11463.
  • Moll, J., Oliveira-Souza, R., Eslinger, P., Bramati I., Mourao-Miranda, J., Andreiuolo P., & Pessoa, L. (2002). The neural correlates of moral sensitivity: A functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of basic and moral emotions. Journal of Neuroscience, 22, 2730-2736.  
  • Oliveira, L., Volchan, E., Pessoa, L., Marques, R.F., Pantoja, J.H.; Joffily, M., Souza-Neto, D., & Rocha-Miranda, C.E (2002). Contour integration in the primary visual cortex of the opossum. NeuroReport, 13, 2001-2004.
  • Pessoa, L., Kastner, S., & Ungerleider. L.G (2002). Attentional control of the processing of neutral and emotional stimuli. Cognitive Brain Research, 15, 31-45.


  • Neumann, H., Pessoa, L., & Hansen, T (2001). Visual filling-in for computing perceptual surface properties. Biological Cybernetics, 85, 355-369.

  • Noë A, Pessoa L, & Thompson, E. (2000). Beyond the grand illusion: what change blindness really teaches us about vision. Visual Cognition, 7, 93-106.
  • Ross, W., & Pessoa, L. (2000) Lightness from contrast: A selective integration model. Perception & Psychophysics, 62, 1160-1181.

  • Pessoa, L., Exel, S. (1999). Attentional strategies for object recognition. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 1606, 850-859.
  • Neumann, H., Pessoa, L., & Hansen, T. (1999). Interaction of ON and OFF pathways for visual contrast measurement. Biological Cybernetics, 81, 515-32.
  • Pessoa, L & Leitão, AP (1999). Complex cell prototype representation for face recognition. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, 10, 1528-1531.
  • Neumann, H., Pessoa, L., & Mingolla, E. (1998). A neural network architecture of brightness perception: Non-linear contrast detection and geometry-driven diffusion. Image and Vision Computing, 16, 423-446.
  • Grossberg, S., & Pessoa, L. (1998). Texture segregation, surface representation, and figure-ground separation. Vision Research, 38, 2657-2684.
  • Pessoa, L., Thompson, E., & Noë, A. (1998). Finding out about filling-in: A guide to perceptual completion for visual science and the philosophy of perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 21, 65-144.
  • Pessoa, L., Mingolla, E., & Arend, L. (1996). The perception of lightness in 3-D curved objects.  Perception & Psychophysics, 58, 1293-1305.
  • Pessoa, L., Beck, J., & Mingolla, E. (1996). Perceived texture segregation in chromatic element-arrangement patterns: High intensity interference. Vision Research, 36, 1745-1760.
  • Pessoa, L. (1996). Mach band attenuation by adjacent stimuli: experiment and filling-in simulations.   Perception, 25, 425-442.
  • Pessoa, L. (1996). Mach bands: How many models are possible?  Recent experimental findings and modeling attempts.  Vision Research, 36, 3205-3227.
  • Pessoa, L., Mingolla, E., and Neumann, H. (1995). A contrast- and luminance-driven multiscale network model of brightness perception. Vision Research, 35, 2201-2223.